SN Ratio Estimation and Speech Segment Detection of Extracted Signals Through Independent Component Analysis
Takeshi Koya*, Nobuo Iwasaki**, Takaaki Ishibashi***, Go Hirano**, Hiroshi Shiratsuchi**, and Hiromu Gotanda**
*Solutions Development Laboratory, Advanced Solutions Technology Japan, Shinjyuku, Tokyo 169-0051, Japan
**Graduate School of Advanced Technology, Kinki University, 11-6 Kayanomori, Iizuka-shi, Fukuoka 820-8555, Japan
***Kumamoto National College of Technology, Koshi-shi, Kumamoto 861-1102, Japan
In real world environments where acoustic signals are contaminated with various noises, it is difficult to estimate the Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) only from signals observed at microphones; the knowledge of acoustic transfer functions and original source signals is inevitable for SNR estimation. The present paper proposes a method to estimate SNR approximately in the real world environments without the knowledge of transfer functions and source signals: SNR is estimated after application of Independent Component Analysis (ICA) to the signals observed at microphones. Our proposed method also works as a speech segment detector since detection of speech segments are necessarily carried out in the course of SNR estimation. From several experimental results, the proposed method has been confirmed to be valid.
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