Development of High-Performance Polycrystalline CVD Diamond-Coated Cutting Tools Using Femtosecond Lasers
Xiaoxu Liu, Osamu Konda, Hiroko Furuhashi, Kohei Natsume, Satoru Maegawa, and Fumihiro Itoigawa
Nagoya Institute of Technology
Gokiso-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 466-8555, Japan
Pulse laser grinding (PLG), an edge-shaping process, was developed previously to implement high-performance cutting tools. In this study, two femtosecond (fs) lasers with wavelengths of 1045 nm and 257 nm were used to conduct PLG on chemical vapor deposited (CVD) diamond-coated tool edges, as the fs laser is reported to have less thermal impact and the potential to improve the material crystallinity. We investigated the effects of the laser parameters on the tool edge formation and microstructural changes. The results show that although the infrared fs laser could – compared to the conventional nanosecond (ns)-laser PLG – naturally suppress surface thermal damage, the roughness of the processed surface remained relatively high with an Rz of 0.21 μm. However, under the optimal laser parameters proposed in this paper, an ultraviolet fs-laser PLG was used to obtain a much smoother edge, reducing Rz to approximately 0.08 μm. Moreover, scanning electron microscopy images indicated that the longitudinal machining marks on the ns-laser-processed surface were significantly reduced, with virtually no attached debris on the surface. Furthermore, from the Raman spectra, a significant increase in the diamond peak intensity was observed, indicating that the crystallinity of the CVD diamond (CVDD) was improved following ultraviolet-fs-laser PLG. These results demonstrate that edge shaping and structural modification of polycrystalline CVDDs can be integrated into ultraviolet-fs-laser PLG.
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