IJAT Vol.15 No.1 pp. 17-23
doi: 10.20965/ijat.2021.p0017


Investigation on Polishing of Zirconia Ceramics Using Magnetic Compound Fluid: Relationship Between Material Removal and Surface Roughness

Ming Feng*,**,†, Youliang Wang***, and Yongbo Wu**

*College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Wenzhou University
Wenzhou City, Zhejiang 325035, China

Corresponding author

**Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, China

***School of Mechanical and Electronical Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, China

May 11, 2020
August 11, 2020
January 5, 2021
MCF slurry, zirconia ceramics, polishing, precision

Zirconia ceramics have excellent applicability in the aerospace, defense, new energy, automotive, electronics, and biomedical fields. However, few investigations have been conducted on the high-precision polishing of zirconia ceramics. In this work, a polishing method using a magnetic compound fluid slurry is proposed. First, the principle and the constructed experimental setup were presented. Then, the experiments were performed that characterized the surface profile after polishing, the effect of the working gap, and the effect of the concentration of carbonyl iron particles (CIPs) on the material removal and surface quality. The results showed that the material removal ability correlated positively with the surface roughness; the smallest working gap (0.5 mm) induced greater material removal ability and better surface roughness; higher CIP concentration enabled a higher polishing force to obtain higher material removal and better surface quality. The polishing results show that surface roughness Rz of 55 nm was obtained at the surfaces of zirconia ceramics, confirming that the proposed method has the potential for polishing of zirconia ceramics.

Cite this article as:
Ming Feng, Youliang Wang, and Yongbo Wu, “Investigation on Polishing of Zirconia Ceramics Using Magnetic Compound Fluid: Relationship Between Material Removal and Surface Roughness,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.15, No.1, pp. 17-23, 2021.
Data files:
  1. [1] M. Li, B. Lyu, J. Yuan, W. Yao, F. Zhou, and M. Zhong, “Evolution and equivalent control law of surface roughness in shear-thickening polishing,” Int. J. of Machine Tools & Manufacture, Vol.108, No.3, pp. 113-126, 2016.
  2. [2] J. Seok, Y. J. Kim, K. I. Jang, B. K. Min, and S. J. Lee, “A study on the fabrication of curved surfaces using magnetorheological fluid finishing,” Int. J. of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Vol.47, No.14, pp. 2077-2090, 2007.
  3. [3] S. Malkin and T. W. Hwang, “Grinding Mechanisms for Ceramics,” CIRP Annals – Manufacturing Technology, Vol.45, No.2, pp. 569-580, 1996.
  4. [4] L. Guo, “Research on Surface Roughness of Engineering Ceramics,” J. of Hunan University of Arts and Science, Vol.19, No.4, pp. 69-73, 2007.
  5. [5] J. Xue and B. Zhao, “Research on Grinding Temperature of Nano ZrO2 Ceramics Using Diamond Grinding Wheel Dressed by Elliptic Ultrasonic Vibration,” Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol.42, No.2, pp. 313-316, 2011.
  6. [6] S. Sun et al., “Research on the matching relationship between ultrasonic-assisted grinding parameters and workpiece surface roughness,” Int. J. of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol.102, No.1, pp. 487-496, 2019.
  7. [7] W. B. Kim, S. H. Lee, and B. K. Min, “Surface Finishing and Evaluation of Three-Dimensional Silicon Microchannel Using Magnetorheological Fluid,” J. Manuf. Sci. Eng., Vol.126, No.4, pp. 772-778, 2005.
  8. [8] H. Kawakubo, U. Sato, and S. Murata, “Study on polishing performance of slurry discharge type magnetic polishing tool Finishing characteristics of non-ferromagnetic materials,” J. of the Japan Society for Abrasive Technology, Vol.58, No.4, pp. 247-252, 2014.
  9. [9] M. Li, Z. Huang, T. Dong, M. Mao, J. Yuan, and B. Lyu, “Surface quality of zirconia (ZrO2) parts in shear-thickening high-efficiency polishing,” Procedia CIRP, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 143-146, 2018.
  10. [10] H.-B. Ji, Y. Pen et al., “Experimental study on ultra-precision lapping for zirconia ceramic plane,” J. of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Vol.30, No.9, pp. 1059-1062, 2013.
  11. [11] M.-J. Guo, H. Luo, C.-B. Wang et al., “Experimental Study on Magnetorheological Finishing Using Large Polishing Tool for Zirconia Ceramic Plane,” Surface Technology, Vol.47, No.7, pp. 28-34, 2018.
  12. [12] F.-J. Shiou and A. A. Tsegaw, “Ultra Precision Surface Finishing Processes,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.13, No.2, pp. 174-184, 2019.
  13. [13] Y. Manabe, H. Murakami, T. Hirogaki, E. Aoyama, and T. Furuki, “Mirror-Surface Finishing by Integrating Magnetic-Polishing Technology with a Compact Machine Tool,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.13, No.2, pp. 207-220, 2019.
  14. [14] K. Shimada, Y. Akagami, S. Kamiyama, T. Fujita, T. Miyazaki, and A. Shibayama, “New microscopic polishing with magnetic compound fluid (MCF),” J. of Intelligent Material System and Structure, Vol.13, No.22, pp. 405-408, 2002.
  15. [15] M. Sakagami, “Latest Trends in Foreign Injection Molding Machines and Technologies (Part 1) Accelerating Eco-Molding, Pursuing Efficiency, and Improving Productivity Through Process Integration,” Plastics Age, Vol.61, No.10, pp. 90-95, 2015 (in Japanese).
  16. [16] Y. Wang, Y. Wu, H. Guo et al., “A new magnetic compound fluid slurry and its performance in magnetic field-assisted polishing of oxygen-free copper,” J. of Applied Physics, Vol.17, No.5, pp. 298-306, 2015.
  17. [17] H. Guo, Y. Wu, D. Lu et al., “Ultrafine Polishing of Electroless Nickel-Phosphorus-Plated Mold with Magnetic Compound Fluid Slurry,” Materials and Manufacturing Processes, Vol.29, No.4, pp. 1502-1509, 2014.
  18. [18] M. Feng, Y. Wang, T. Bitou et al., “Polishing investigation on zirconia ceramics using magnetic compound fluid slurry,” Int. J. of Abrasive Technology, Vol.9, No.4, pp. 257-275, 2019.
  19. [19] Y. Wang, Y. Wu, and M. Nomura, “Fundamental investigation on nano-precision surface finishing of electroless Ni-P-plated STAVAX steel using magnetic compound fluid slurry,” Precis. Eng., Vol.5, No.48, pp. 32-44, 2017.
  20. [20] K. Shimada, Y. Wu, Y. Matsuo, and K. Yamamoto, “Float polishing technique using new tool consisting of micro magnetic clusters,” J. of Material Processing Technology, Vol.162, No.163, pp. 690-695, 2005.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Feb. 25, 2021