Simultaneous Constant Velocity Measurement of the Motion Errors of Linear Axes
Jonathan Miller*, Simon Fletcher**,, Andrew Longstaff**, and Simon Parkinson**
*Machine Tool Technologies Ltd.
1H Ribble Court, 1 Meadway, Shuttleworth Mead Business Park, Padiham BB12 7NG, United Kingdom
**Centre for Precision Technologies (CPT), University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, United Kingdom
The current standard for machine tool calibration supports the use of quasi-static measurement techniques. When measuring the six degrees of freedom motion errors, the measurements are typically taken consecutively. This introduces uncertainty when comparing the results due to machine deformation during individual measurements. Furthermore, quasi-static measurement techniques are known to be time consuming, a problem that is exacerbated as each degree of freedom must be measured separately. Additionally, the spatial resolution between the selected target positions can have an impact on calibration quality. In the following paper, the benefits of measuring the six motion errors simultaneously while the axis under test is traversing at a nominally constant velocity are presented. Firstly, the motivation for simultaneous continuous capture is presented. Secondly, continuous motion measurements are compared with quasi-static measurements for the six degrees of freedom motion errors showing sub-micrometer and sub-arcsecond correlation. The full effect of a ball screw pitch error is shown which can be missed using traditional quasi-static measurement techniques. Finally, wavelet analysis is performed for further spatial diagnostics along with correlation coefficients calculated to quantify the linear dependency between the six error motions.
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