IJAT Vol.14 No.2 pp. 238-244
doi: 10.20965/ijat.2020.p0238


Ultrasonic-Assisted Face Milling for Fabricating Hierarchical Microstructures

Keita Shimada*,†, Ziqi Chen*, Masayoshi Mizutani*, and Tsunemoto Kuriyagawa**

*Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University
6-6-01 Aoba, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8579, Japan

Corresponding author

**Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan

August 19, 2019
December 12, 2019
March 5, 2020
ultrasonic cutting, functional surfaces, wetting, surface finishing

Surface microstructures can provide various functionalities, and wettability is a typical surface property that can be controlled by the surface textures. This study attempted to fabricate hierarchical microstructures through ultrasonic-assisted face milling (UAFM) to change the surface functionality by specifically focusing on the wettability. The fabrication involved the use of an ultrasonic generating spindle and a self-designed diamond tool. The locus of the tip of the diamond tool was computed based on the equation of motion, and the micro- and macrostructures are illustrated in this paper. The structures were confirmed through observations using a white-light interferometer. The wettability on six zones of the processed area was measured, and the results indicated that the central zone of the UAFM surface became hydrophobic, whereas the edge zone became hydrophilic.

Cite this article as:
K. Shimada, Z. Chen, M. Mizutani, and T. Kuriyagawa, “Ultrasonic-Assisted Face Milling for Fabricating Hierarchical Microstructures,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.14, No.2, pp. 238-244, 2020.
Data files:
  1. [1] C. J. Evans and J. B. Bryan, “‘Structured,’ ‘Textured’ or ‘Engineered’ Surfaces,” CIRP Annals – Manuf. Tech., Vol.48, Issue 2, pp. 541-556, 1999.
  2. [2] A. A. G. Bruzzone, H. L. Costa, P. M. Lonardo, and D. A. Lucca, “Advances in engineered surfaces for functional performance,” CIRP Annals – Manuf. Tech., Vol.57, pp. 750-769, 2008.
  3. [3] L. De Chiffrel, H. Kunzmann, G. N. Peggs, and D. A. Lucca, “Surfaces in Precision Engineering, Microengineering and Nanotechnology,” CIRP Annals – Manuf. Tech., Vol.52, Issue 2, pp. 561-577, 2003.
  4. [4] R. N. Wenzel, “Resistance of solid surfaces to wetting by water,” Ind. Eng. Chem., Vol.28, No.8, pp. 988-994, 1936.
  5. [5] A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Trans. Farad. Soc., Vol.40, pp. 546-551, 1944.
  6. [6] N. Moronuki, “Surface functions considered from microstructures,” Morikita Publishing, 2011 (in Japanese).
  7. [7] M. Shimomura, “New trend of next generation biomimetic material technology learning from biodiversity,” Sci. & Tech. Trends, Vol.110, pp. 9-28, 2010 (in Japanese).
  8. [8] T. Darmanin and F. Guittard, “Superhydrophobic and superoleophobic properties in nature,” Materials Today, Vol.18, Issue 5, pp. 273-285, 2015.
  9. [9] Q. Xu, W. Zhang, C. Dong, T. Sreeprasad, and Z. Xia, “Biomimetic self-cleaning surfaces: Synthesis, mechanism and applications,” J. R. Soc. Interface, Vol.13, Issue 122, 2016.
  10. [10] M. Zhang, S. Feng, L. Wang, and Y. Zheng, “Lotus effect in wetting and self-cleaning,” Biotribology, Vol.5, pp. 31-43, 2016.
  11. [11] D. J. T. Kyle, A. Oikonomou, E. Hill, A. Vijayaraghaven, and A. Bayat, “Fabrication and modelling of fractal, biomimetic, micro and nano-topographical surfaces,” Bioinspir. Biomim., Vol.11, No.4, 046009, 2016.
  12. [12] J. Sun, X. Wang, J. Wu, C. Jiang, J. Shen, M. A. Cooper, X. Zheng, Y. Liu, Z. Yang, and D. Wu, “Biomimetic Moth-eye Nanofabrication: Enhanced Antireflection with Superior Self-cleaning Characteristic,” Sci. Rep., Vol.8, 5438, 2018.
  13. [13] M. I. Kayes, A. J. Galante, N. A. Stella, S. Haghanifar, R. M. Q. Shanks, and P. W. Leu, “Stable lotus leaf-inspired hierarchical, fluorinated polypropylene surfaces for reduced bacterial adhesion,” Reactive and Functional Polymers, Vol.128, pp. 40-46, 2018.
  14. [14] Y. Zheng, X. Gao, and L. Jiang, “Directional adhesion of superhydrophobic butterfly wings,” Soft Matter, Vol.3, pp. 178-182, 2007.
  15. [15] K. Chu, R. Xiao, and E. N. Wang, “Uni-directional liquid spreading on asymmetric nanostructured surfaces,” Nat. Mater., Vol.9, pp. 413-417, 2010.
  16. [16] N. A. Malvadkar, M. J. Hancock, K. Sekeroglu, W. J. Dressick, and M. C. Demirel, “An engineered anisotropic nanofilm with unidirectional wetting properties,” Nat. Mater., Vol.9, pp. 1023-1028, 2010.
  17. [17] C. W. Extrand, “Retention Forces of a Liquid Slug in a Rough Capillary Tube with Symmetric or Asymmetric Features,” Langmuir, Vol.23, pp. 1867-1871, 2007.
  18. [18] C. W. Extrand, “Origins of Wetting,” Langmuir, Vol.32, Issue 31, pp. 7697-7706, 2016.
  19. [19] K. Asakura and J. Yan, “Water Repellency Control of Oxygen-Free Copper Surface by Diamond-Cut Micro Grooves,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.6, No.4, pp. 396-402, 2015.
  20. [20] J. Kumabe and M. Masuko, “Study on the ultrasonic cutting (1st report),” Trans. JSME, Vol.24, Issue 138, pp. 109-114, 1958 (in Japanese).
  21. [21] E. Shamoto and N. Suzuki, “Ultrasonic vibration diamond cutting and ultrasonic elliptical vibration cutting,” Compr. Mater. Process, Vol.11, pp. 405-454, 2014.
  22. [22] S. Xu, K. Shimada, M. Mizutani, and T. Kuriyagawa, “Fabrication of hybrid micro/nano-textured surfaces using rotary ultrasonic machining with one-point diamond tool,” Int J. Mach. Tools. Manuf., Vol.86, pp. 12-17, 2014.
  23. [23] S. Xu, C. Nishikawa, K. Shimada, M. Mizutani, and T. Kuriyagawa, “Surface Textures Fabrication on Zirconia Ceramics by 3D Ultrasonic Vibration Assisted Slant Feed Grinding,” Adv. Mater. Res., Vol.797, pp. 326-331, 2013.
  24. [24] K. Shimada, T. Hirai, M. Mizutani, and T. Kuriyagawa, “Fabrication of functional surface by ultrasonic-assisted cutting,” J. Jpn. Soc. Abras. Technol., Vol.62, No.1 pp. 39-44, 2018 (in Japanese).
  25. [25] K. Shimada, T. Hirai, M. Mizutani, and T. Kuriyagawa, “Unidirectional Wetting Surfaces Fabricated by Ultrasonic-assisted Cutting,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.13, No.2, pp. 191-198, 2019.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Oct. 23, 2020