Effects of Blade Tip Profile on In-Plane Tensile Properties of Wedge-Notched Polypropylene Sheet
Shigeru Nagasawa*,, Akihiro Yamamoto**, Thepwachara Ruchirabha*, and Kazuki Umemoto*
*Department of Mechanical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology
1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188, Japan
**FANUC Corporation, Oshino-mura, Japan
In this work, the tensile characteristics of a 0.2-mm-thick polypropylene (PP) sheet subjected to indentation with virgin and blunt knives (apex angle, α=42◦; tip thickness, w=6 and 20 μm, respectively), were experimentally investigated. To determine the effect of mechanical condition, such as the notched depth and the profile of the root surface, on the breaking behavior of the half-cut PP specimen, the tensile testing of the half-cut specimen was carried out by varying the indentation depth and tensile velocity. By the experiments, the breakage behavior of the scored (half-cut) zone was determined by varying the indentation depth, tip thickness of the blade, and elongation rate. A kind of crazing or cracking by the blunt knife decreased the tensile resistance and burr elongation for an indentation depth larger than 0.9, whereas the work hardening by the blunt knife increased these properties for an indentation depth less than 0.8. When a blunt knife was used at a high elongation rate larger than 0.01 s-1, the half-cut zone of the PP sheet exhibited brittle fracture, i.e., the tensile resistance and burr elongation decreased.
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