Machining Process for a Thin-Walled Workpiece Using On-Machine Measurement of the Workpiece Compliance
Takuma Umezu and Daisuke Kono
Department of Micro Engineering, Kyoto University
Kyotodaigaku-Katsura, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8540, Japan
Demand for highly productive machining of thin-walled workpieces has been growing in the aerospace industry. Workpiece vibration is a critical issue that could limit the productivity of such machining processes. This study proposes a machining process for thin-walled workpieces that aims to reduce the workpiece vibration during the machining process. The workpiece compliance is measured using an on-machine measurement system to obtain the cutting conditions and utilize the same for suppressing the vibration. The on-machine measurement system consists of a shaker with a force sensor attached on the machine tool spindle, and an excitation control system which is incorporated within the machine tool’s numerical control (NC). A separate sensor to obtain the workpiece displacement is not required for the estimation of the displacement. The system is also capable of automatic measurement at various measurement points because the NC controls the positioning and the preloading of the shaker. The amplitude of the workpiece vibration is simulated using the measured compliance to obtain the cutting conditions for suppressing the vibration. An end milling experiment was conducted to verify the validity of the proposed process. The simulations with the compliance measurement using the developed system were compared to the results of a conventional impact test. The comparison showed that the spindle rotation speed for suppressing the vibration could be successfully determined; but, the axial depth of cut was difficult to be determined because the simulated vibration amplitude was larger than that found in the experimental result. However, this can be achieved if the amplitude is calibrated by one machining trial.
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