single-au.php

IJAT Vol.11 No.6 pp. 948-957
doi: 10.20965/ijat.2017.p0948
(2017)

Paper:

Study on Ball End Milling of Inclined Surfaces for Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene

Kousuke Shintoku* and Hirohisa Narita**,†

*Graduate School of Science and Technology, Meijo University
1-501 Shiogamaguchi, Tempaku-ku, Nagoya 468-8502, Japan

**Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, Meijo University

Corresponding author

Received:
March 13, 2017
Accepted:
October 6, 2017
Online released:
October 31, 2017
Published:
November 5, 2017
Keywords:
ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), cutting conditions, ball end mill, inclined surface machining
Abstract

Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) is a polyethylene with a molecular weight ranging from one million to seven million. UHMWPE is often used for constructing sliding parts such as artificial knees, hip joints, and gears owing to its self-lubrication, wear resistance, biocompatibility, and light weight structure. High accuracy and smooth surfaces are required for UHMWPE parts. Cutting operations of UHMWPE are particularly suitable for small numbers of products and to realize high shape accuracy. This paper describes some surface properties due to ball end mill operations of inclined surfaces. Some inclined workpieces are fixed by jigs and various cutting conditions are analyzed. Two tool path patterns, namely contour line and raster line (scanning line), are also evaluated for various cutting conditions by surface observations and surface roughness measurement.

Cite this article as:
K. Shintoku and H. Narita, “Study on Ball End Milling of Inclined Surfaces for Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.11, No.6, pp. 948-957, 2017.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] T. Shirai, “Challenge to Hard-Processing Material,” High Molecuar, Vol.35, September, 1986 (in Japanese).
  2. [2] M. K. Musib, “A Review of the History and Role of UHMWPE as A Component in Total Joint Replacements,” Int. J. of Biological Engineering, Vol.1, No.1, pp. 6-10, 2011.
  3. [3] MC Sobieraj and CM Rimnac, “Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene: Mechanics, Morphology, and Clinical Behavior,” J. of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, Vol.2, No.5, pp. 433-443, 2009.
  4. [4] R. Gauvin, P. Girard, and H. Yelle, “Maximum Surface Temperature of the Thermoplastic Gear in a Non-Lubricated Plastic/Steel Gear Pair,” Gear Technology, The J. of the Gear Manufacturing, pp. 20-27, August-September, 1984.
  5. [5] T. Takahashi, “Polymer Processing of Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene,” Vol.47, No.2, pp. 100-105, Sen’i To Kogyo, 1991 (in Japanese).
  6. [6] F, Tabei, “Injection molding for ultra high molecular weight,” Plastic Technology, Vol.35, No.11, pp. 51-56, 1989 (in Japanese).
  7. [7] X. Liang, X. Wu, K. Zeng, B. Xu, S. Wu, H. Zhao, B. Li, and S. Ruan, “Micro ultrasonic powder molding for semi-crystalline polymers,” J. of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol.24, No.4, 045014 (10pp), 2014.
  8. [8] Q. Zhang, M. Jia, and P. Xue, “Study on Molding Process of UHMWPE Microporous Filter Materials,” J. of Applied Polymer, Vol.126, Issue 4, pp. 1406-1415, 2012.
  9. [9] N. C. Parasnis and K. Ramani, “Analysis of the effect of pressure on compression moulding of UHMWPE,” J. of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, Vol.9, Issue 3, pp. 165-172, 1998.
  10. [10] C. K. Toh, “Surface Topography Analysis in High Speed Finish Milling Inclined Hardened Steel,” Precision Engineering, Vol.28, pp. 386-398, 2004.
  11. [11] H. Iwabe, K. Shimizu, and M. Sasaki, “Analysis of CuttingMechanism by Ball End Mill Using 3D-CAD (Chip area by Inclined Surface Machining and Cutting performance Based on Evaluation Value),” JSME Int. J., C series, Vol.49, No.1, pp. 28-34, 2006.
  12. [12] H. Matsuda, H. Sasahara, and M. Tsutsumi, “Generation of a regularly aligned surface pattern and control of cutter marks array by patch division milling,” Int. J. of Machine Tools & Manufacture, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 84-94, 2008.
  13. [13] G. L.Nicola, F. P. Missell, and R. P. Zeilmann, “Surface quality in milling of hardened H13 steel,” Int. J. of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol.49, No.1-4, pp. 53-62, 2010.
  14. [14] K. Kasahara, Y. Tanaka, and A. Hirota, “Analysis of Tool Deflection and Mechanism of Surface Generation in Ball End Milling of an Inclined Surface (2nd Report):– On the properties of machined surface and machining error caused with tool deflection –,” J. of the Japan Society of Precision Engineering, Vol.76, No.8, pp. 901-906, 2010 (in Japanese).
  15. [15] S. Ibaraki and I. Yoshida, “A Five-Axis Machining Error Simulator for Rotary-Axis Geometric Errors Using Commercial Machining Simulation Software,” Int. J. of Automation Technology, Vol.11, No.2, pp. 179-187, 2017.
  16. [16] H. Kono, T. Kubo, and Y. Miyoshi, “Construction of Precision cutting Technology of Ultra High Molecular Weight for Artificial Joints,” The Tribology, No.252, pp. 44-46, 2008 (in Japanese).
  17. [17] M. Kuroda, Y. Egawa, K. Watanabe, and N. Koreta, “Improvement of Surface Roughness Generated by Ball Endmill Machining,” Mitsubishi Heavey Industries Technical Review, Vol.33, No.4, 1996 (in Japanese).
  18. [18] K. Shintoku and H. Narita, “Basic Study on Ball End Milling of Ultra High Molecular Weight,” Proc. of the 16th Int. Conf. on Precision Engineering (ICPE2016), C107-8169.pdf, 2016.
  19. [19] E. Ozturk , L. T. Tunc , E. Budak, “Investigation of lead and tilt angle effects in 5-axis ball-end milling processes,” Int. J. of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Vo.49, Issue 14, pp. 1053-1062, 2009.
  20. [20] JIS B 0601:2013, “Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) –Surface texture: Profile method – Terms, definitions and surface texture parameters,” Japanese Industrial Standard/Japanese Standards Association, 2013.
  21. [21] M. Saeki, H. Yasui, S. Kondo, M. Kawada and A. Hosokawa, “Experimental Investigation of Surface Roughness in Ultra-Precision Cutting of Plastics,” J. of the Japan Society for Precision Engineering, Vol.67, No.2, 2001 (in Japanese).
  22. [22] T. Tanaka and T. Yokoyama, “Examination on Cutting Condition for Resin Material,” Technical report of Gifu Prefectural Research Institute of Information Technology, No.9, pp. 45-48, 2007 (in Japanese).
  23. [23] X. Zhao, N. Koreta, and M. Tsutsumi, “Surface Roughness Generated by Ball-End Mill on Five-Axis Controlled Machining Centers,” J. of the Japan Society for Precision Engineering, Vol.64, No.12, pp. 1826-1830, 1998 (in Japanese).

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, IE9,10,11, Opera.

Last updated on Dec. 11, 2018