IJAT Vol.11 No.5 pp. 815-828
doi: 10.20965/ijat.2017.p0815


Integrated Assessment of ‘Green-Lean’ Production

Stanisław Strzelczak

Faculty of Production Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology
Narbutta 85, 02-524 Warsaw, Poland

Corresponding author

April 2, 2017
July 18, 2017
Online released:
August 30, 2017
September 5, 2017
green production, lean production, integrated assessment, trade-offs, negative side effects

Green Production has becoming increasingly important because of the growing need for sustainable development. Lean Production is one the most influential concepts in contemporary industrial management. The focus of Lean Production has been waste elimination and streamlining operations. Therefore, it is natural to seek alternatives for balancing or synergizing productivity gains with environmental friendliness by combining Green and Lean initiatives. However, Green and Lean practices may result in negative side effects. Such cases are mostly explained by dysfunctional assessments of effects. Sometimes, companies center on the positive effects, but hide or externalize negative trade-offs. Therefore, consistent assessment is critical to secure the achievement of Green and Lean objectives. An assessment has to consider all vital interdependencies between various effects. When enforced by law, it should respect all limitations and incentives set by regulators. To address these issues, an approach to integrated assessment of Green-Lean Production was conceptualized. Two fundamental strategic perspectives are considered for assessment: the product and operations views.

  1. [1] C. Allen and S. Clouth, “A guidebook to the Green Economy,” UN Division for Sustainable Development, 2012.
  2. [2] J. A. Garza-Reyes, “Lean and green – a systematic review of the state of the art literature,” J. of Cleaner Production, Vol.102, pp. 18-29, 2015.
  3. [3] H. Carvalho, S. G. Azevedo, and V. Cruz-Machado, “Supply chain performance management: lean and green paradigms,” Int. J. of Business Performance and Supply Chain Modelling, Vol.2, No.3/4, pp.304-333, 2010.
  4. [4] A. B. Pampanelli, P. Found, and A. M. Bernardes, “A Lean & Green Model for a production cell,” J. of Cleaner Production, Vol.85, pp. 19-30, 2014.
  5. [5] B. Verrier, B. Rose, E. Caillaud, and H. Remita, “Combining organizational performance with sustainable development issues: the Lean and Green project benchmarking repository,” J. of Cleaner Production, Vol.85, pp. 83-93, 2014.
  6. [6] T. H. Netland, J. D. Schloetzer, and K. Ferdows, “Implementing corporate lean programs: The effect of management control practices,” J. of Operations Management, Vol.36, pp. 90-102, 2015.
  7. [7] A. Mueller and S. Strzelczak, “Lean Management Effects - An Empirical Evidence from Machine Building Industries in Europe,” IFIP AICT, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol.460, pp. 299-307, 2015.
  8. [8] W. P. Wong and K. Y. Wong, “Synergizing an ecosphere of lean for sustainable operations,” J. of Cleaner Production, Vol.85, pp. 51-66, 2014 .
  9. [9] S. Strzelczak, “Economic Forces against Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility – on Intended Overuse of Natural Resources,” Sustainable Development and CSR in China – Multi-perspective Approach, pp. 89-118, Springer Verlag, 2015.
  10. [10] U. S. Bititci, “Managing business performance – the science and the art,” Wiley, 2015.
  11. [11] M. A. Rosen and H. A. Kishawy, “Sustainable Manufacturing and Design: Concepts, Practices and Needs,” Sustainability, Vol.4, pp. 154-174, 2012.
  12. [12] R. Costanza, “Ecological economics: The science and management of sustainability,” Columbia University Press, 1991.
  13. [13] F. Jovane, H. Yoshikawa, L. Alting, C. R. Boër, E. Westkämper, D. Williams, M. Tseng, G. Seliger, and A. M. Paci, “The incoming global technological and industrial revolution towards competitive sustainable manufacturing,” CIRP Annals on Manufacturing Technology, Vol.57, No.2, pp. 641-659, 2008.
  14. [14] S. Erkman, “Industrial ecology: A historical view,” J. of Clean Production, Vol.5, No.1-2, pp. 1-10, 1997.
  15. [15] A. Heshmati, “A Review of the Circular Economy and its Implementation,” IZA, Discussion Paper, No.9611, 2015.
  16. [16] R. Welford, “Beyond systems: A vision for corporate environmental management for the future,” Int. J. of Environment Sustainable Development, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 162-173, 2003.
  17. [17] J. V. Owen, “Environmentally conscious manufacturing,” Manufacturing Engineering, Vol.111, No.4, pp. 44-55, 1993.
  18. [18] M. Garetti and M. Taisch, “Sustainable manufacturing: trends and research challenges,” Production Planning & Control, Vol.23, No.2-3, pp. 83-104, 2012.
  19. [19] A. Rusinko, “Green Manufacturing: An Evaluation of Environmentally Sustainable Manufacturing Practices and Their Impact on Competitive Outcomes,” IEEE Trans. on Engineering Management, Vol.54, No.3, pp. 445-454, 2007.
  20. [20] R. Clift and A. J. Longley, “Introduction to clean technology,” Clean Technology and the Environment, pp. 174-198, Springer, 1995.
  21. [21] F. Blaabjerg and D. M. Ionel, “Renewable Energy Devices and Systems – State-of-the-Art Technology, Research and Development, Challenges and Future Trends,” Electric Power Components and Systems, Vol.43, No.12, pp. 1319-1328, 2015.
  22. [22] M. Nakano, “Supply Chain Management for Sustainability,” Handbook of Sustainable Engineering, pp. 427-450, Springer, 2013.
  23. [23] B. M. Beamon, “Designing the green supply chain,” Logistics Information Management, Vol.12, No.4, pp. 332-342, 1999.
  24. [24] F. Durif, C. Boivin, and C. Julien, “In search of a green product definition,” Innovative Marketing, Vol.6, No.1, pp. 25-33, 2010.
  25. [25] T. A. Bhamra, “Ecodesign: the search for new strategies in product development,” J. on Engineering Manufacture, Vol.218, No.5, pp. 557-569, 2004.
  26. [26] M. Tawada and T. Sahashi, “Product Design for Recycling and Recycling Industry,” Socioeconomic Environmental Policies and Evaluations in Regional Science, pp. 447-459, Springer, 2017.
  27. [27] V. Fegade, R. L. Shrivatsava, and A. V. Kale, “Design for Remanufacturing: Methods and their Approaches,” Proc. of the 4th Int. Conf. on Materials Processing and Characterization, Materials Today: Proc.2, pp. 1849-1858, 2015.
  28. [28] S. L. Soh, S. K. Ong, and A. Y. C. Nee, “Application of Design for Disassembly from Remanufacturing Perspective,” Procedia CIRP, Vol.26, pp. 577-582, 2015.
  29. [29] J. Sarkis, “Evaluating environmentally conscious business practices,” European J. of Operations Research, Vol.107, No.1, pp. 159-174, 1998.
  30. [30] D. Chen, T. Schudeleit, G. Posselt, and S. Thiedeb, “A state-of-the-art review and evaluation of tools for factory sustainability assessment,” Procedia 2nd CIRP Global Web Conf., Elsevier, Vol.9, pp. 85-90, 2013.
  31. [31] M. Despeisse, P. D. Ball, S. Evans, and A. Levers, “Industrial Ecology at factory level – A prototype methodology,” J. on Engineering Manufacture, Vol.226, No.10, pp. 1648-1664, 2012.
  32. [32] F. Székely and M. Knirsch, “Leadership and Corporate Responsibility Metrics for Sustainable Corporate Performance. European School of Management and Technology,” Working Paper Series on Responsible Leadership and Sustainability, No.esmt CRLSF #1, 2005.
  33. [33] K. R. Kumar, A. Malhotra, and D. Lee, “Assessing life-cycle environmental impact: Methodology to spur design of greener products and processes,” Greener Manufacturing and Operations: From Design to Delivery and Back, pp. 223-242, Greenleaf, 2001.
  34. [34] J. F. Krafcik, “Triumph of the Lean Production System,” Sloan Management Review, Vol.30, No.1, pp. 41-52, 1988.
  35. [35] T. Ohno, “Toyota Production System,” Productivity Press, 1988.
  36. [36] A. Mueller and S. Strzelczak, “Negative Side Effects of Lean Management Implementations – A Causal Analysis,” IFIP AICT, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol.460, pp. 290-297, 2015.
  37. [37] P. Horváth, “Controlling,” (in German), Vahlen, 12th edition, 2011.
  38. [38] S. Marciniak, “Controlling: Theory and Applications,” Difin, 2008 (in Polish).
  39. [39] S. Strzelczak, “Global operations strategy,” (Course materials, part I and III), Warsaw University of Technology, 2016.
  40. [40] G. Johansson and E. Sundin, “Lean and green product development: two sides of the same coin?,” J. of Cleaner Production, Vol.85, pp. 104-121, 2014.
  41. [41] Y. Akao, “Hoshin Kanri: Policy deployment for successful TQM,” Productivity Press, 1991.
  42. [42] T. Abo, “Japanese Hybrid Factories. A Comparison of Global Production Strategies,” Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, IE9,10,11, Opera.

Last updated on Sep. 19, 2017