JRM Vol.34 No.2 pp. 249-252
doi: 10.20965/jrm.2022.p0249


Self-Actuating and Nonelectronic Machines

Shingo Maeda*, Hiroki Shigemune**, and Hideyuki Sawada***

*Smart Materials Lab., Shibaura Institute of Technology
3-7-5 Toyosu, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-8548, Japan

**Active Functional Devices Lab., Shibaura Institute of Technology
3-7-5 Toyosu, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-8548, Japan

***Department of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University
3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan

September 10, 2021
October 18, 2021
April 20, 2022
BZ gels, active droplet, self-folding, paper mechatronics

We here introduce three types of self-actuating and nonelectronic machines using chemical reactions and physicochemical transformations. Our strategy is to develop completely artificial and autonomous machines that do not rely on electronic components. We herein demonstrate Belousov-Zhabotinsky gel machines, active droplet machines, and paper machines.

Active droplet using rigid frame

Active droplet using rigid frame

Cite this article as:
S. Maeda, H. Shigemune, and H. Sawada, “Self-Actuating and Nonelectronic Machines,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.34 No.2, pp. 249-252, 2022.
Data files:
  1. [1] K. Suzumori, “New Robotics Pioneered by Fluid Power,” J. Robot. Mechatron., Vol.32, No.5, pp. 854-862, 2020.
  2. [2] R. Yoshida, T. Takahashi, Yamaguchi, and T. H. Ichijo, “Self-oscillating gel,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., Vol.118, No.21, pp. 5134-5135, 1996.
  3. [3] K. Yoshimura, Y. Otsuka, Z. Mao, V. Cacucciolo, T. Okutaki, H. Yamagishi, S. Hashimura, N. Hosoya, T. Sato, Y. Yamanishi, and S. Maeda, “Autonomous oil flow generated by self-oscillating polymer gels,” Sci. Rep., Vol.10, Article No.12834, 2020.
  4. [4] Y. Aishan, Y. Yalikun, Y. Shen, Y. Yuan, S. Amaya, T. Okutaki, A. Osaki, S. Maeda, and Y. Tanaka, “A chemical micropump actuated by self-oscillating polymer gel,” Sens. Actuators B: Chem., Vol.337, 129769, 2021.
  5. [5] M. Yamada, H. Shigemune, S. Maeda, and H. Sawada, “Directional and velocity control of active droplets using a rigid-frame,” RSC Adv., Vol.9, No.69, pp. 40523-40530, 2019.
  6. [6] M. Yamada, H. Shigemune, S. Maeda, and H. Sawada, “Temperature and Humidity Dependence of Marangoni Convection and Its Effect on the Self-propulsion of an Oil Droplet,” Chem. Lett., Vol.50, No.3, pp. 493-496, 2021.
  7. [7] H. Shigemune, S. Maeda, Y. Hara, N. Hosoya, and S. Hashimoto, “Origami robot: a self-folding paper robot with an electrothermal actuator created by printing,” IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatronics, Vol.21, No.6, pp. 2746-2754, 2016.
  8. [8] H. Shigemune, S. Maeda, E. Iwase, S. Hashimoto, S. Sugano, and H. Sawada, “Programming Stepwise Motility into a Sheet of Paper Using Inkjet Printing,” Adv. Intell. Syst., Vol.3, No.1, 2000153, 2021.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on May. 10, 2024