Training System for Endoscopic Surgery Aiming to Provide the Sensation of Forceps Operation
Tatsushi Tokuyasu*, Kumiko Motodoi*, Yuichi Endo**, Yukio Iwashita**, Tsuyoshi Etoh**, and Masafumi Inomata**
*Fukuoka Institute of Technology
3-30-1 Wajiro-higashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 811-0295, Japan
1-1 Idaigaoka, Hasama-machi, Yufu City, Oita 879-5593, Japan
In Japan, a rising number of endoscopic surgery operations have boosted an expectation for the development of a training environment for qualified surgeons. The endoscopic surgery operation requires the operator to operate forceps by hand based on two-dimensional operative field information displayed on the monitor. The characteristics of the operation include a lack of stereoscopic visual field information and movement of the tip of the forceps, which is symmetric about the trocar. These are issues that require an empirical solution from the operator. It is desirable that these issues have already been overcome before the operator starts practicing as an operating surgeon. To this end, it is effective to train the operator in the sensation of forceps operation, which associates the operative field vision with the forceps operation by hand. Therefore, this study includes digitizing the forceps operation by qualified surgeons and providing it to the trainee as visual and force information in order to build a training device that facilitates the cultivation of the sensation of forceps operation.
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