single-dr.php

JDR Vol.17 No.3 pp. 390-398
(2022)
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2022.p0390

Paper:

Development of Farmland in a Lagoon and Damage Caused by Storm Surge in 17th Century Japan

Masaharu Ebara

Historiographical Institute, The University of Tokyo
7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan

Corresponding author

Received:
August 6, 2021
Accepted:
December 6, 2021
Published:
April 1, 2022
Keywords:
historical documents, land management, lagoon, flood damage, storm surge
Abstract

Japan is a mountainous country, and its mountains, formed as the result of tectonic uplift and volcanic activity, sit very close to the coastline. Short, steep rivers running down those mountains formed medium-sized alluvial plains in coastal areas. While the great majority of the coastal plains of Japan are alluvial, formed by the sedimentation of deposits carried by rivers, not all were formed solely by natural sedimentation. By artificially altering coastal tidelands and shallow inland lakes and marshes, the people of the Japanese archipelago gradually expanded their area for habitation and farming. In this paper, I take the Chuen Plain in the central part of the Japanese archipelago as an example to clarify how bodies of water were turned into land from the 16th century on, and I show what damage was done in this area of development by the storm surge caused by a huge typhoon at the end of the 17th century. We should consider that while turning bodies of water into land created more space for living and farming, it also increased the risk of natural disasters in daily life.

Cite this article as:
M. Ebara, “Development of Farmland in a Lagoon and Damage Caused by Storm Surge in 17th Century Japan,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.17, No.3, pp. 390-398, 2022.
Data files:
References
  1. [1] Fukuroi City (Ed.), “History of Fukuroi: Number 3 – Overview,” Fukuroi City, 1983.
  2. [2] Shizuoka Prefecture (Ed.), “History of Shizuoka Prefecture: Materials Part 2,” Shizuoka Prefecture, 1996 (in Japanese).
  3. [3] Asaba Town (Ed.), “History of Asaba Town: Overview,” Asaba Town, 2000 (in Japanese).
  4. [4] Asaba Town (Ed.), “History of Asaba Town: Documents Part 1,” Asaba Town, 1997 (in Japanese).
  5. [5] “Ebie Documents, held by Department of Japanese History, School of Letters, Hiroshima University,” Shizuoka Prefecture (Ed.), “History of Shizuoka Prefecture: Materials Volume 7 – Medieval Ages Volume 3,” Shizuoka Prefecture, 1994 (in Japanese).
  6. [6] M. Oka et al. (Eds.), “Hyakusyo Denki,” Series of Japanese Agricultural Books, Volume 16, Noson Gyoson Bunka Kyoukai, 1979 (in Japanese).
  7. [7] O. Fujiwara et al., “Trace of the AD1707 Hoei earthquake from the coastal lowland, Shizuoka Prefecture, central Japan,” Annual Report on Active Fault and Paleoearthquake Researches, No.7, pp. 151-171, 2007 (in Japanese).
  8. [8] S. Ozone and J. Kubota (Eds.), “Chusei Nikki Kiko Syu (Travel Journeys in Japan Medieval Ages),” Series of Shin-Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei, Volume 51, Iwanami Syoten, 1990 (in Japanese).
  9. [9] “The drawing map concerning trial of land ownership in Iwata,” 1641, held by Iwata City Board of Education.
  10. [10] “Picture of Territory of Naka-Izumi Shrine,” held by private individual.
  11. [11] Research Institute of Buried Cultural Property, Shizuoka Prefecture, “Motojima Ruins 1 (Relics and Consideration 1: Medieval Ages),” Research Institute of Buried Cultural Property, 1999 (in Japanese).
  12. [12] T. Yamamoto (Ed.), “Gyokuroso,” Series of Edo Historical Materials, Jinbutsu Oraisha, 1967 (in Japanese).
  13. [13] “History of the Development of Nagozu Village,” held by private individual, Asaba Town (Ed.), “History of Asaba Town: Materials Volume 2 – Early Modern,” 1996 (in Japanese).
  14. [14] Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, “Report of the Special Investigation Committee on Inheritance of Disaster Lessons: 1959 Isewan Typhoon,” March 2008, http://www.bousai.go.jp/kyoiku/kyokun/kyoukunnokeishou/rep/1959_isewan_typhoon/index.html (in Japanese) [accessed March 15, 2022]
  15. [15] “Chronicle of Jokoji Temple,” held by Okurayama Seshin-Bunka Institute.
  16. [16] K. Harada, “Totomi Shiryosyu,” Bisaido Shoten, 1960 (in Japanese).
  17. [17] “Documents held by Iwata City Board Education,” Iwata City (Ed.), “History of Iwata City: Historical Materials: Volume 2 – Early Modern,” 1996 (in Japanese).

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Dec. 02, 2022