JDR Vol.13 No.4 pp. 755-766
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2018.p0755


Community Proactivity in Disaster Preparation: Research Based on Two Communities in Japan

Takaaki Hashimoto*,†, Kaori Karasawa*, Kazuyuki Hirayama**, Masanori Wada***, and Hiroshi Hosaka***

*Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology, The University of Tokyo
7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan

Corresponding author

**JFE Steel Corporation, Hiroshima, Japan

***Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Chiba, Japan

October 26, 2017
April 25, 2018
August 1, 2018
natural disasters, earthquakes, disaster preparedness, community involvement

This study examined the determinants of people’s participation in community-based disaster preparedness efforts. We administered surveys to residents of two communities in Japan: a neighborhood renowned for high proactivity in disaster preparedness efforts (N=443) and a relatively new, developing community of apartment complex residents (N=772). Results revealed that regardless of community type, people’s involvement therein predicts their engagement in disaster preparation actions. The effects were mediated by social factors (e.g., sense of responsibility, social influence) and disaster-specific factors (e.g., perceived costs/benefits of disaster preparedness, disaster attentiveness). We also identified several features that distinguished the two communities. Specifically, sense of community responsibility was a stronger predictor of people’s actions in the highly proactive community. Based on the results, we discuss the significance of promoting psychological attachment to the community to encourage disaster preparation actions among residents.

Cite this article as:
T. Hashimoto, K. Karasawa, K. Hirayama, M. Wada, and H. Hosaka, “Community Proactivity in Disaster Preparation: Research Based on Two Communities in Japan,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.13 No.4, pp. 755-766, 2018.
Data files:
  1. [1] Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, “White Paper on Disaster Management 2010,” 2010. [retrieved May 10, 2017]
  2. [2] Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, “White Paper on Disaster Management 2003,” 2003. [retrieved May 10, 2017]
  3. [3] Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, “White Paper on Disaster Management 2016,” 2016. [retrieved May 10, 2017]
  4. [4] M. Matsuyama, R. Kimura, and H. Hayashi, “Organizational Structure and Institutions for Disaster Prevention: Research of the 1995 Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake in Kobe City,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.10, No.6, pp. 1051-1066, doi:10.20965/jdr.2015.p1051, 2015.
  5. [5] Cabinet Office, Government of Japan, “Outline of the ‘Poll on Disaster Management,’” 2014. [retrieved May 10, 2017]
  6. [6] T. Watanabe, “Trials in Communities Five Years after the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake: Group Dynamics of “Preventing Disaster WITHOUT Saying Disaster Prevention”,” The Jpn. J. of Exp. Soc. Psychol., Vol.39, No. 2, pp. 188-196, doi:10.2130/jjesp.39.188, 2000.
  7. [7] T. Motoyoshi, K. Takao, and S. Ikeda, “Determinants of Household- and Community-based Disaster Preparedness,” Jpn. J. of Soc. Psychol., Vol.23, No.3, pp. 209-220, doi:10.14966/jssp.KJ00004896217, 2008.
  8. [8] K. Yoshimori, E. Itoigawa, and M. Umemoto, “Study on Disaster Flexibility Performance in Super High-Rise Residential Apartment Buildings: Factors Affecting on Disaster Prevention Actions in Daily Life Point of View,” J. of Soc. Saf. Sci., Vol.14, pp. 111-121, 2011.
  9. [9] J.-P. Mulilis and T. S. Duval, “Negative Threat Appeals and Earthquake Preparedness: A Person-Relative-to-Event (PrE) Model of Coping with Threat,” J. of Appl. Soc. Psychol., Vol.25, No.15, pp. 1319-1339, doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.1995.tb02620.x, 1995.
  10. [10] T. Ozaki and K. Nakayachi, “Effects of Descriptive Norms and Mutual Relationships on Precautionary Behavior toward Earthquakes,” Jpn. J. of Soc. Psychol., Vol.30, No.3, pp. 175-182, doi:10.14966/jssp.30.3_175, 2015.
  11. [11] M. Ishimori, T. Okamoto, and J. Kato, “Development of the Short Version of the Community Consciousness Scale,” The Jpn. J. of Exp. Soc. Psychol., Vol.53, No.1, pp. 22-29, doi:10.2130/jjesp.1113, 2013.
  12. [12] A. Matsukawa and S. Tatsuki, “An Study Concerning the Characteristics of a Local Communities Effecting Social Capital: Case Study of Kobe City Using Simultaneous Analysis of Several Groups,” J. of Soc. Saf. Sci., Vol.15, pp. 385-394, 2011.
  13. [13] R. W. Rogers, “Cognitive and psychological processes in fear appeals and attitude change: A revised theory of protection motivation,” J. T. Cacioppo and R. E. Petty (eds.), Social Psychophysiology, Guilford Press, pp. 153-176, 1983.
  14. [14] M. Okuda, “Logics of Community Formation and Resident Attitudes,” E. Isomura, N. Ukai, and S. Kawano (eds.), “Logics of City Formation and Residents,” University of Tokyo Press, pp. 135-177, 1971 (in Japanese).
  15. [15] M. Okuda, “Theory of Urban Community,” University of Tokyo Press, 1983 (in Japanese).
  16. [16] H. Suzuki, “Community Morale and Mobility,” Academia Press, 1978 (in Japanese).
  17. [17] R. D. Putnam, “Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community,” Simon & Schuster, 2000.
  18. [18] N. Iwasaki, S. Tachiki, M. Ajisaka, K. Sugimoto, H. Komatsu, and T. Nishimura, “Local Governance and Community Consciousness,” S. Asano, N. Iwasaki, and T. Nishimura (eds.), “Multi-layered Structure of the Urban Keihanshin Area,” Showado, pp. 499-581, 2008 (in Japanese).
  19. [19] M. Kikuchi, “Functions of Neighborhood Associations,” “Neighborhood Associations and Community Groups,” S. Kurasawa and R. Akimoto (eds.) Minerva-shobo, pp. 217-233, 1990 (in Japanese).
  20. [20] J. Crowe, “Community Attachment and Satisfaction: The Role of a Community’s Social Network Structure,” J. Community Psychol., Vol.38, No. 5, pp. 622-644, doi:10.1002/jcop.20387, 2010.
  21. [21] B. M. Fitz, L. Lyon, and R. Driskell, “Why People Like Where They Live: Individual- and Community-Level Contributors to Community Satisfaction,” Soc. Indic. Res., Vol.126, Issue 3, pp. 1209-1224, doi:10.1007/s11205-015-0922-9, 2016.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on May. 19, 2024