JDR Vol.8 No.2 pp. 266-273
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2013.p0266


Seismic Source of 1746 Callao Earthquake from Tsunami Numerical Modeling

Cesar Jimenez*1,*2, Nabilt Moggiano*2, Erick Mas*3,
Bruno Adriano*3, Shunichi Koshimura*3, Yushiro Fujii*4,
and Hideaki Yanagisawa*5

*1Fenlab, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (UNMSM), Av Venezuela s/n, Lima, Peru

*2Direccion de Hidrografia y Navegacion (DHN), Calle Roca N 116, Chucuito-Callao, Peru

*3Laboratory of Remote Sensing and Geoinformatics for Disaster Management, International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University, Aoba 6-6-03, Sendai 980-8579, Japan

*4International Institute of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering, Building Research Institute, Tatehara, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0802, Japan

*5Department of Regional Management, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Tohoku Gakuin University, 2-1-1 Tenjinzawa, Izumi-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 981-3193, Japan

November 2, 2012
February 8, 2013
March 1, 2013
seismic source, tsunami, simulation
In this paper a model of slip distribution is proposed for the 1746 Callao earthquake and tsunami based on macroseismic observations written in historical documents. This is done using computational tools such as tsunami numerical simulation through a forward process by trial and error. The idea is to match historical observations with numerical simulation results to obtain a plausible seismic source model. Results show a high asperity from Cañete to Huacho, which would explain the great destruction in this area. The rupture directivity of the seismic source, from north to south, would explain the value of the arrival time of the first tsunami wave at Callao. A kinematic seismic source model was used as a first approximation of the event. The estimated magnitude was Mw9.0.
Cite this article as:
C. Jimenez, N. Moggiano, E. Mas, B. Adriano, S. Koshimura, Y. Fujii, and H. Yanagisawa, “Seismic Source of 1746 Callao Earthquake from Tsunami Numerical Modeling,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.8 No.2, pp. 266-273, 2013.
Data files:
  1. [1] M. Baptista, P. Miranda, J. Miranda, and V. Mendes, “Constrains on the source of the 1755 Lisbon Tsunami inferred from numerical modelling of historical data on the source of the 1755 Lisbon Tsunami,” Journal of Geodynamics, Vol.25, No.2, pp. 159-174, 1998.
  2. [2] A. Santos, S. Koshimura, and F. Imamura, “The 1755 Lisbon Tsunami: Tsunami Source determination and its validation,” Journal of Disaster Research, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 41-52. 2009.
  3. [3] M. Gutscher, J. Roger, M. Baptista, J. Miranda, and S. Tinti, “Source of the 1693 Catania earthquake and tsunami (southern Italy): new evidence from tsunami modeling of a locked subduction fault plane,” Geophysical Research Letters, Vol.33, L08309, 2006.
  4. [4] K. Satake, K. Wang, and B. Atwater, “Fault slip and seismic moment of the 1700 Cascadia earthquake inferred from Japanese tsunami descriptions,” Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol.108, No.B11, 2003.
  5. [5] D. Sugawara, F. Imamura,H. Matsumoto, K. Goto, andK. Minoura, “Reconstruction of the AD 869 Jogan earthquake induced tsunami by using the geological data,” Journal of Japanese Society of Natural Disaster Science, Vol.29, pp. 501-516, 2011.
  6. [6] K. Goto, C. Chagué-Goff, S. Fujino, J. Goff, and B. Jaffe, Y. Nishimura, B. Richmond, et al., “New insights of tsunami hazard from the 2011 Tohoku-oki event,” Marine Geology, Vol.290, pp. 46-50, 2011.
  7. [7] L.Dorbath, A. Cisternas, and C. Dorbath, “Assessment of the size of large and great historical earthquakes in Peru,” Bulletin of Seismological Society of America, Vol.80, No.3, pp. 551-576, June 1990.
  8. [8] E. Silgado, “Historia de los Sismos más notables ocurridos en el Perú (1513-1974),” Boletín, No.3, Instituto de Geología y Minería, Lima, Perú.
  9. [9] S. Soloviev and Ch. Go, “Catalogue of Tsunamis on the Eastern Shore of the Pacific Ocean (1513-1968),” Nauka Publishing House, p. 204, Moscow, USSR, 1975.
  10. [10] L. Seiner, “Historia de los Sismos en el Perú: Catálogo Siglos XVIII-XIX,” Fondo Editorial Universidad de Lima, Perú 2011.
  11. [11] E. Ortega, C. Jiménez, and N. Moggiano, Revista de Tsunamis, Dirección de Hidrografía y Navegación, Callao, Perú, 2012.
  12. [12] A. Tarantola (Ed.), “Inverse problem theory and methods for model parameter estimation,” Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Philadelphia, 2002.
  13. [13] B. Papazachos, “Global relations between seismic fault parameters and moment magnitude of Earthquakes,” Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, Vol.XXXVI, pp. 1482-1489, 2004.
  14. [14] S. Beck and S. Nishenko, “Variations in the mode of great earthquake rupture along the central Peru subduction zone,” Geophysical Research Letters, Vol.57, pp. 1969-1972, 1990.
  15. [15] L. Ocola, “Catálogo Sísmico de la Republica del Perú,” SISAN, IV, Lima, Perú, p. 466, 1984.
  16. [16] H. Perfettini, J. P. Avouac, H. Tavera, A. Kositsky, J. M. Nocquet, F. Bondoux, M. Chlieh, A. Sladen, L. Audin, D. L. Farber, and P. Soler, “Seismic and aseismic slip on the Central Peru megathrust,” Nature, Vol.465, pp. 78-81, doi:10.1038/nature09062, 2010.
  17. [17] Y. Okada, “Surface deformation due to shear and tensile faults in a half space,” Bulletin of Seismological Society of America, Vol.75, No.4, pp. 1135-1154, 1985.
  18. [18] F. Imamura, “Review of Tsunami Simulation with a Finite Difference Method, Long Waves Runup Models,” World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Singapore, 1996.
  19. [19] A. Bruno, E. Mas, S. Koshimura, Y. Fujii, S. Yauri, C. Jimenez, and H. Yanagisawa, “Tsunami Inundation Mapping in Lima, for Two Tsunami Source Scenarios,” Journal of Disaster Research, Vol.8, No.2, pp. 274-284, 2013 (this number).

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Jun. 19, 2024