Mental Health of Managers of Small and Medium Enterprises as Seen from the Viewpoint of Risk Management
Shin-ya Kaneko*1, Hiroki Ogyu*2, Olivier Torres*3,
and Katsuyuki Kamei*4
*1Fukushima Medical University, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan
*2Shiraume Gakuen University, 1-830 Ogawacho, Kodaira, Tokyo, Japan
*3Universite Montpellier I, 34960 Montpellier, Cedex 2, France
*4Faculty of Safety Science, Kansai University, 7-1 Hakubaicho, Takatsuki, Osaka 569-1098, Japan
The number of suicides per year has surpassed 30,000 over the past decade in Japan. Poormental health constitutes the main cause of suicides, which trigger remarkable social losses. This paper reviews measures in support of mental health from the viewpoint of risk management. It introduces a new aspect into the previous studies on mental health, which have focused on middle managers and employees but not dealt with managers of small- and medium-sized enterprises as employees. This paper presents the framework of ISO 3100, the international standards for risk management issued in November 2009, and a desirable arrangement for risk management in the future. Furthermore, it discusses the state of mental health of the selfemployed and managers of small- and medium-sized enterprises after suffering losses from disaster. In summary, this paper explores a new field of study on risk management study of the self-employed and managers of small- and medium-sized enterprises, people who make contribute significantly to local economies.
and Katsuyuki Kamei, “Mental Health of Managers of Small and Medium Enterprises as Seen from the Viewpoint of Risk Management,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.6, No.2, pp. 204-211, 2011.
-  H. Ogyu, “Mental Health Issues as a Risk Management,” Employment and Risk Management, Risk and Insurance Management, No.41, pp. 28-40, 2010 (in Japanese).
-  Ministry of Health, “Summary by measures project team such as suicide and depression,” (in Japanese),
-  K. Yamada, “–Feature. Suicide prevention. Strategy not to waste life of 30,000 people a year– Suicide prevention measures in the region,” J. of Public Health Nurse, Vol.60, No.12, pp. 1186-1188, 2004 (in Japanese).
-  National Police Agency statistics, “Heisei 21 Outline of suicide in the year material,” (in Japanese),
-  K. Akabori, “Mental Risk Management in the Office : Especially in Mental Health Care “Introduction to Counselling – Mental risk management in the workplace”,” Sanko, 2010 (in Japanese).
-  Latest Mental Health Survey, Labor Relations Times Institute of Labor Administration, No.3725, 2008.11 (in Japanese).
-  T. Yanagawa and N. Kuroki, “Mental health of small business owner,” Psychiatry, Vol.11, No. 1, pp. 78-82, 2007 (in Japanese).
-  The Hoken Mainichi Shinbun, February 17, 2010.7 (in Japanese).
-  Y. Kaneko and Y. Motohashi, “Statistical characteristics of suicide in Akita prefecture – about aging and excess mortality,” J. of Public Health, Vol.7, No. 1, pp. 53-58, 2009 (in Japanese).
-  Y. Motohashi and Y. Kaneko, “The latest anti-trend of suicide,” Public health, Vol.73, No. 3, pp. 224-227, 2009 (in Japanese).
-  H. Sato, “The practice of suicide prevention activities in Akita Prefecture in the region to live in community support,” Monthly Welfare, Vol.91, No.9, pp. 86-89, 2008 (in Japanese).
-  M. Ishizuka, “–Feature. Suicide prevention. Strategy not to waste life of 30,000 people a year– Example of practicing suicide prevention I Measures from administrative divisions to municipality Suicide prevention measures in Akita Prefecture,” J. of Public Health Nurse, Vol.60, No.12, pp. 1170-1173, 2004 (in Japanese).
-  H. Sato, “–Feature. Suicide prevention. Strategy not to waste life of 30,000 people a year– Example of practicing suicide prevention IV Method of preventing the president’s suicide “kumonoito” activities,” NPO corporation, J. of Public Health Nurse, Vol.60, No.12, pp. 1182-1185, 2004 (in Japanese).
-  H. Sato, “Suicide prevention of manager of small and medium-sized enterprise,” Suicide measures promotion conference material, (in Japanese),
-  H. Sato, “Site power of suicide prevention. Practice manual. “Method of supporting manager of small and medium-sized enterprise and family’s lives”,” (in Japanese),
-  M. Isamu et al., “Case-Control Studies on Stress at Small Companie’s Owners,” Hokuriku Journal of Public Health, Vol.17, No.1, pp. 35-42, 1990 (in Japanese).
-  S. Ishino et al., “Manager’s Attitude toward Mental Health Care in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (I) –A Survey by Semistructured Interviews–,” Japanese society of occupational medicine and traumatology, Vol.57, No.5, pp. 251-257, 2009 (in Japanese).
-  H. Koyama and I. Tsuji (Ed.), “Concise Text of Hygiene and Public Health 2009,” Nankodo, 2009 (in Japanese).
-  T. Kamei, “Social –Risk Management Theory,” Social– Risk Management Society, p.159, 2009 (in Japanese).
-  S. Kaneko, K. Nagahata, and T. Fukushima, “Mental health investigation of the temporary shelter dweller struck by Niigata Chuetsu earthquake,” Education Ministry of Scientific Research Project Heisei 17-19 year-Aid for Scientific Research (B) research report, Reconstruction of the evacuated area of all villages by the Niigata earthquake in October 2005 fused Research, Fukushima University Cooperative Printing, pp. 88-94, 2008 (in Japanese).
-  H. Nakagawa and I. Daibo, “Japanese version GHQ mental health study guide sheet,” Japanese Culture and Science, Inc. 1985 (in Japanese).
-  Y. Ohta et al, “Study on psychiatric problems of evacuees of the volcanic eruption of Mt.Unzen –Factor analysis of General Health Questionnaire (GHQ30)–,” Japanese Society of Social Psychiatry, Vol.3, pp. 109-129, 1995 (in Japanese).
-  K. Fujimori, “Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake disaster victims Mental Health –Influence of prolonged temporary shelter life–,” J. of St. Marianna Medical Institute, Vol.1, pp. 3-9, 2001 (in Japanese).
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.