Handbook of Countermeasures to Protect Cultural Heritages Located in Foothills from Natural Disasters
Takeyuki Okubo and Kazuyuki Izuno
Ritsumeikan University GCOE Project, Research and Development of Strategy on Disaster Mitigation of Cultural Heritage and Historic Cities, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Noji-higashi, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577, Japan
This tutorial presents a draft handbook of countermeasures. The handbook can be used as a reference for protecting from natural disaster tangible cultural heritages located at the foot of hills. Cultural heritages located at the foot of hills were generally far from urban areas before the modern age and ran very little risk from the spread of fires from private houses. However, many are now close to urban areas or surrounded by urban areas that have rapidly expanded as societies have modernized, and this has greatly increased the risk to these heritages. This handbook describes the basic concepts for what disaster countermeasures should be established to protect cultural heritages. It includes the procedures for determining what heritages should be protected from what and how. It also includes detailed investigation items related to the procedures.