Human-Assisted Fuzzy Image Similarity Analysis Based on Information Compression
Department of Reliability-based Information Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kagawa University, Hayashi-cho 2217-20, Takamatsu, Kagawa 761-0396, Japan
The fuzzy similarity analysis we propose in this paper is used for unsupervised image classification. We introduce a special growing unsupervised learning algorithm for information compression (granulation) of the original “raw data” (the RGB pixels) of an image with a smaller number of neurons (information granules). Two important parameters are extracted from each image, namely the center of gravity (COG) and the model volume of the image, taken as the number of neurons obtained from information compression. These two features are used as inputs for special fuzzy inference for numerically calculating the degree of similarity between a pair of images. The fuzzy inference procedure can be tuned based on a predefined human preference (list of similar images), thus performing human-assisted similarity analysis. The choice of the optimization algorithm and the selection of the optimization criterion are questions open to the user to answer. The proposed computation scheme for similarity analysis is illustrated on a test example of 16 flower images and results are discussed.
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