IJAT Vol.14 No.1 pp. 99-108
doi: 10.20965/ijat.2020.p0099


Using Textured-DLC Coating to Improve the Wear Resistance of Stainless Steel Plate Under Dust-Containing Lubricant Condition

Takuya Osawa*,†, Makoto Matsuo*, Yuya Eyama*, Hiroshi Yamamoto**, Shinji Tanaka*, Masao Kikuchi*, Yuki Hirata*, Hiroki Akasaka*, and Naoto Ohtake*

*Tokyo Institute of Technology
4259 Nagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 226-8503, Japan

Corresponding author

**Komatsu Ltd., Tokyo, Japan

June 14, 2019
November 4, 2019
January 5, 2020
DLC, wear, friction, surface texturing, tribology

Sliding mechanical parts working under heavy loads and at high speeds in harsh environments are often subjected to sand and dust, leading to abnormal wear and seizing. Although sliding surfaces can be hardened and textured, there is a need for even higher wear and seizure resistance. We therefore did this study to confirm the trapping effect of surface texturing on dust by finding a way to visualize the dust. As a result, we confirmed that the dust became trapped in the grooves of the texture during the sliding. In addition, to produce a sliding surface having both seizure and wear resistance, we produced a surface combining a diamond-like carbon (DLC) film and surface texturing, and we evaluated its tribological characteristics. In dusty conditions, the specific wear rate was about 1/20 on surfaces where DLC film and the surface texturing were used in conjunction, and its wear resistance was higher than that of a non-treated stainless steel substrate. On the other hand, a rise in the coefficient of friction due to a rise in contact stress on the corners of the texturing grooves was confirmed. Therefore, when the tribological characteristics were evaluated by changing the radii of the groove corners and the parameters of the groove depth, the coefficient of friction was the lowest, decreasing about 50% for the test sample with a corner radius of 7.1 μm.

Cite this article as:
T. Osawa, M. Matsuo, Y. Eyama, H. Yamamoto, S. Tanaka, M. Kikuchi, Y. Hirata, H. Akasaka, and N. Ohtake, “Using Textured-DLC Coating to Improve the Wear Resistance of Stainless Steel Plate Under Dust-Containing Lubricant Condition,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.14 No.1, pp. 99-108, 2020.
Data files:
  1. [1] E. A. Khorshid and A. M. Nawwar, “A review of the effect of sand dust and filtration on automobile engine wear,” Wear, Vol.141, pp. 349-371, 1991.
  2. [2] J. Brand, R. Gadow, and A. Killinger, “Application of diamond-like carbon coatings on steel tools in the production of precision glass components,” Surface and Coatings Technology, Vols.180-181, pp. 213-217, 2004.
  3. [3] M. Fujii, M. Ananth Kumar, and A. Yoshida, “Influence of DLC coating thickness on tribological characteristics under sliding rolling contact condition,” Tribology Int., Vol.44, Issue 11, pp. 1289-1295, 2011.
  4. [4] C. Donnet and A. Grill, “Friction control of diamond-like carbon coatings,” Surface and Coatings Technology, Vols.94-95, pp. 456-462, 1997.
  5. [5] M. I. De Barros Bouchet, J. M. Martin, J. Avila, M. Kano, K. Yoshida, T. Tsuruda, S. Bai, Y. Higuchi, N. Ozawa, M. Kubo, and M. C. Asensio, “Diamond-like carbon coating under oleic acid lubrication: Evidence for graphene oxide formation in superlow friction,” Scientific Reports, Vol.7, pp. 1-13, 2017.
  6. [6] H. Okubo, C. Tadokoro, and S. Sasaki, “Tribological properties of a tetrahedral amorphous carbon (ta-C) film under boundary lubrication in the presence of organic friction modifiers and zinc dialkyldithiophosphate (ZDDP),” Wear, Vols.332-333, pp. 1293-1302, 2015.
  7. [7] M. Nakano, A. Korenaga, A. Korenaga, K. Miyake, T. Murakami, Y. Ando, H. Usami, and S. Sasaki, “Applying Micro-Texture to Cast Iron Surfaces to Reduce the Friction Coefficient Under Lubricated Conditions,” Tribology Letters, Vol.28, pp131-137, 2007.
  8. [8] A. Borghi, E. Gualtieri, D. Marchetto, L. Moretti, and S. Valeri, “Tribological effects of surface texturing on nitriding steel for high-performance engine applications,” Wear, Vol.265, pp. 1046-1051, 2008.
  9. [9] N. Kawasegi, H. Sugimori, N. Morita, and T. Sekiguchi, “Improvement of Machining Performance of Small-Diameter End Mill by Means of Micro- and Nanometer-Scale Textures,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.10, No.6, pp. 882-890, 2016.
  10. [10] U. Pettersson and S. Jacobson, “Textured surfaces for improved lubrication at high pressure and low sliding speed of roller/piston in hydraulic motors,” Tribology Int., Vol.40, pp. 355-359, 2007.
  11. [11] A. Amanov, I. S. Cho, Y. S. Pyoun, C. S. Lee, and I. G. Park, “Micro-dimpled surface by ultrasonic nanocrystal surface modification and its tribological effects,” Wear, Vols.286-287, pp. 136-144, 2012.
  12. [12] H. L. Costa and I. M. Hutchings, “Effects of die surface patterning on lubrication in strip drawing,” J. of Materials Processing Technology, Vol.209, pp. 1175-1180, 2009.
  13. [13] D. He, S. Zheng, J. Pu, G. Zhang, and L. Hu, “Improving tribological properties of titanium alloys by combining laser surface texturing and diamond-like carbon film,” Tribology Int., Vol.82, pp. 20-27, 2015.
  14. [14] A. Arslan, H. H. Masjuki, M. Varman, M. A. Kalam, M. M. Quazi, K. A. H. Al Mahmud, M. Gulzar, and M. Habibullah, “Effects of texture diameter and depth on the tribological performance of DLC coating under lubricated sliding condition,” Applied Surface Science, Vol.356, pp. 1135-1149, 2015.
  15. [15] P. W. Shum, Z. F. Zhou, and K. Y. Li, “Investigation of the tribological properties of the different textured DLC coatings under reciprocating lubricated conditions,” Tribology Int., Vol.65, pp. 259-264, 2013.
  16. [16] T. Shimizu, T. Kakegawa, and M. Y. Graduate, “Micro-texturing of DLC thin film coatings and its tribological performance under dry sliding friction for microforming operation,” Procedia Engineering, Vol.81, pp. 1884-1889, 2014.
  17. [17] Y. Aoki and N. Ohtake, “Tribological properties ofsegment-structured diamond-like carbon film,” Tribology Int., Vol.37, pp. 941-947, 2004.
  18. [18] U. Pettersson and S. Jacobson, “Friction and wear properties of micro textured DLC coated surfaces in boundary lubricated sliding,” Tribology Letters, Vol.17, No.3, pp. 553-559, 2004.
  19. [19] J. Robertson, “Diamond-like amorphous carbon,” Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports, Vol.37, pp. 129-281, 2002.
  20. [20] D. R. McKenzie, “Tetrahedral bonding in amorphous carbon,” Reports on Progress in Physics, Vol.59, pp. 1611-1664, 1996.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Jul. 19, 2024