Gas/Liquid Phase Change Actuator for Use in Extreme Temperature Environments
Hiroki Matsuoka and Koichi Suzumori
Okayama University, 3-1-1 Tsushima-naka, Okayama 700-8530, Japan
Manipulating materials exposed to extreme temperature environments presents numerous significant challenges. For example, steel industries require new methods for the direct handling of materials at temperatures greater than 1000°C, and material scientists require new methods for handling specimens at the helium temperature, where high-quality analysis must be performed with very low levels of thermal noise. However, conventional actuators do not work in such environments because of their low thermostability and, more importantly, the loss of the magnetic and piezoelectric properties of the actuator materials. For example, it is well known that magnetism and piezoelectricity completely disappear at temperatures exceeding the Curie point. This paper proposes a new working principle for actuators based on the gas/liquid phase change of working fluids. We show possibilities for the actuator design, including selections for temperature-resistant materials and working fluids at various temperatures. In addition, we discuss the design of the first prototype actuator, which worked successfully at 180°C by utilizing the gas/liquid phase change of water. The basic experimental results show significant potential for the actuator.
-  K. Suzumori, “Expectations about new actuators,” Trans. Jpn Soc. Mech. Eng. Ser. C, Vol.77, No.778, pp. 2412-2419, 2011. (in Japanese)
-  A. Aliev, et al., “Giant-stroke, superelastic carbon nanotube aerogel muscles,” Science, 20, Vol.323, #5921, pp. 413-424, 2009.
-  H. Takeda, E. Li, T. Nishida, T. Hoshina, and T. Tsurumi, “Development of environmentally friendly lead-free piezoelectric materials for actuator uses,” Next-Generation Actuators Leading Breakthroughs, pp. 425-438, 2010.
-  H. Hosoda, “Martensitic transformation of TiAu high temperature shape memory alloys,” Proc. Act., pp. 896-897, 2006.
-  D. Yamaguchi, T. Kanda, and K. Suzumori, “An ultrasonic motor for cryogenic temperature using bolt-clamped Langevin-type transducer,” Sensors and Actuators A, Vol.184, pp. 134-140, 2012.
-  D, Yamaguchi, T. Kanda, and K. Suzumori, et al., “An ultrasonic motor for use at ultralow temperature using lead magnesiumniobate-lead titanate single crystal,” Jpn J. Appl. Phys., 51, 07GE09, 2012.
-  D. Yamaguchi, A. Tonokai, T. Kanda, and K. Suzumori, “Light-Driven Actuator Using Hydrothermally Deposited PLZT Film,” IEEJ Trans. on Sensors and Micromachines, Vol.133, No.8, pp. 330-336, 2013.
-  A. Kitagawa, H. Wu, H. Tsukagoshi, and S.-H. Park, “Development of a portable pneumatic power source using phase transition at the triple point,” Trans. Jpn Fluid Power Sys. Soc., Vol.36, No.6, pp. 158-164, 2005. (in Japanese)
-  D. Majoe, et al., “Pneumatic air muscle and pneumatic source for light weight autonomous robots,” WeA209.2, pp. 3243-3250.
-  M. Ono, T. Izumi, and S. Kato, “Proposal of a gas-liquid phasechange microactuator and its applications,” Proc. of the ASPE 2005 Annual Meeting, pp. 138-141, 2005.
-  DR. Stull, “Vapor pressure of pure substances,” Organic and inorganic compounds. Ind. Eng. Chem., Vol.39, pp. 517-540, 1947.
-  AWC. Menzies, “The critical temperature of mercury,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., Vol.35, 1065, 1913.
-  HW. Ticks, “Evaluation of vapor-pressure data of mercury, lithium, sodium, and potassium,” J. Chem. Phys., Vol.38, No.8, pp. 1873-1880, 1963.
-  DR. Stull, “Inorganic compounds,” Ind. Eng. Chem., Vol.39, pp. 540-550, 1947.
-  P. Merardo and GT. Edejer, “Vapor pressures of liquid nitrogen between the triple and critical points,” J. Chem. Eng. Data., Vol.12, No.2, pp. 206-209, 1967.
-  AS. Friedman and D. White, “The vapor pressure of liquid nitrogen,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., Vol.72, No.9, pp. 3931-3932, 1950.
-  K. Suzumori, H. Matsuoka, and S. Wakimoto, “Novel actuator driven with phase transition of working fluid for uses in wide temperature range,” Proc. 2012 IEEE/RSJ Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems, 616-621, 2012.
-  K. Suzumori and D. Matsuoka, “New actuators working at high temperature,” Proc. of the 28TH Annual Conf. of the Robotics Society of Japan, 2010, RSJ2010AC1N1-1. (in Japanese)
-  K. Suzumori, H. Matsuoka, and Y. Yamada, “Working fluid phase change actuator for high temperature environment–1st report: proposing driving principle and basic experiment,” Proc. of the 29TH Annual Conf. of the Robotics Society of Japan. 2011, RSJ2011AC3K1-6. (in Japanese)
-  H. Matsuoka, K. Suzumori, and Y. Yamada, “Working fluid phase change actuator for high temperature environment–4th report: development of bellow type actuator,” Proc. of the 30TH Annual Conf. of the Robotics Society of Japan. 2012, RSJ2012AC2I2-3. (in Japanese)
-  H. Matsuoka and K. Suzumori, “Working fluid phase transition actuator for high temperature environment–3rd report: driving experiment under 180°C environment,” Proc. The 12th. Machine Design and Tribology Division Meeting in JSME. 2012, 65-66. (in Japanese)
-  H. Matsuoka and K. Suzumori, “Working fluid phase transition actuator for high temperature environment–2nd report: static property of actuator,” Proc. of the 2012 JSME Conf. on Robotics and Mechatronics. 2012, 2P1-F02. (in Japanese)
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internationa License.