Accessible Design and its International Standardization
Ken SAGAWA*1, Kenji KURAKATA*2, and Takashi YOKOI*2
*1Japan Women’s University, 2-8-1 Mejirodai, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo
*2National Institute of Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 6, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki
“Accessible design” is an emerging design method of products, services and environments. It takes into account special requirements of older persons and persons with disabilities in the design process and, thereby, maximizes the number of their potential users. In the design process, ergonomic knowledge and human-ability/characteristic data of those target users play a crucial role. This paper reviews the development of accessible-design methods in a variety of fields such as user-interface design of consumer products and shows how ergonomic knowledge and data can be used effectively. It also focuses on relevant activities of international standardization in Technical Committee 159 “Ergonomics” of International Organization for Standardization.