Society Design by Cognitive Systems Engineering Approach
The University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo
It is important to understand characteristics of human behaviors in real world settings for society design, because human is a major element of society and human factor is a dominant driving force of real world social behavior. This paper describes an example of applying an interview-based Cognitive Task Analysis (CTA) incorporating with content analysis for eliciting cognitive competencies for disaster nursing. CTA is a methodology from cognitive systems engineering to examine human cognition in real world context by such as field observation, process tracing, interview, and questionnaires and content analysis is a methodology originated in social science to analyze text contents. The result of this study indicates that this interdisciplinary method is more effective for examining human behaviors than a single disciplinary method and is a promising approach for society design.