Transdisciplinary Approach to Environmental Problems – Integration of Knowledges toward the Solution of Transboundary Problems –
National Institute for Environmental Studies, 7F Daido Seimei Kasumigaseki Bldg., 1-4-2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-0013, Japan
Environmental problems such as global warming, deforestation or loss of biodiversity are highly transboundary. Solving the problems, therefore, requires knowledges from different scientific disciplines including physics, chemistry or biology, and requires integrating them. Transdisciplinary science and technology are ways to integrate knowledges from different disciplines, however, methodologies integrating them are not established yet. This review paper summarizes transdisciplinary characteristics of environmental problems, and introduces approaches to solve the problems with a focus on global warming.