JDR Vol.14 No.2 pp. 348-362
doi: 10.20965/jdr.2019.p0348


Development of Resilient Information and Communications Technology for Relief Against Natural Disasters

Hiroshi Kumagai*1,†, Hiroshi Sakurauchi*2, Shinsuke Koitabashi*2, Takeaki Uchiyama*2, Shinichi Sasaki*3, Kazuhide Noda*3, Makoto Ishizaki*3, Satoshi Kotabe*4, Atsushi Yamamoto*4, Yoshitaka Shimizu*4, Yasuo Suzuki*4, Yasunori Owada*1, Katsuhiro Temma*1, Goshi Sato*1, Toshiaki Miyazaki*5, Peng Li*5, Yuichi Kawamoto*6, Nei Kato*6, and Hiroki Nishiyama*6

*1National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT)
4-2-1 Nukui-kita, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8795, Japan

Corresponding author

*2NTT DATA Corporation, Tokyo, Japan

*3NTT DOCOMO INC., Tokyo, Japan

*4NTT Network Innovation Laboratories, NTT Corporation, Kanagawa, Japan

*5The University of Aizu, Fukushima, Japan

*6Graduate School of Information Sciences, Tohoku University, Miyagi, Japan

September 3, 2018
December 7, 2018
March 1, 2019
message distribution with V-Low broadcasting, multilingual early warning mail, portable ICT unit, NerveNet mesh network, expand access network areas

The study focused on the research and development of ICT for disaster preparedness and response with respect to two categories, namely, the delivery of alert messages to a wider group of residents and providing quick relief communications in affected areas. In the former category, the development focused on two targets, one involving the delivery of alert messages to indoor residents with a V-Low broadcasting service and the other involving the delivery of an alert message to individuals with disabilities and difficulties in understanding Japanese. In the latter category, a portable ICT unit was developed for rapid relief communications and mesh network technology enabling robust information sharing among base stations in the affected area was developed. Furthermore, a related development focused on a resilient information management system to collect information in areas that do not have access to the Internet. Furthermore, device relay technology was developed to expand access network cover areas. After the development of individual technology, activities for the societal implementation of the development results were conducted through field experiments and disaster drills in which the developed technologies were integrated and utilized.

Cite this article as:
H. Kumagai, H. Sakurauchi, S. Koitabashi, T. Uchiyama, S. Sasaki, K. Noda, M. Ishizaki, S. Kotabe, A. Yamamoto, Y. Shimizu, Y. Suzuki, Y. Owada, K. Temma, G. Sato, T. Miyazaki, P. Li, Y. Kawamoto, N. Kato, and H. Nishiyama, “Development of Resilient Information and Communications Technology for Relief Against Natural Disasters,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.14 No.2, pp. 348-362, 2019.
Data files:
  1. [1] Y. Nemoto and K. Hamaguchi, “Resilient ICT research based on lessons learned from the Great East Japan Earthquake,” IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol.52, No.3, pp. 38-43, 2014.
  2. [2] Y. Shimizu, Y. Suzuki, R. Sasazawa, Y. Kawamoto, H. Nishiyama, N. Kato, A. Yamamoto, and S. Kotabe, “Development of Movable and Deployable ICT Resource Unit (MDRU) and its overseas activities,” J. Disaster Res., Vol.14, No.2, 2019.
  3. [3] (in Japanese) [accessed December 7, 2018]
  4. [4] T. Sakano, Z. M. Fadlullah, T. Ngo, H. Nishiyama, M. Nakazawa, F. Adachi, N. Kato, A. Takahara, T. Kumagai, H. Kasahara, and S. Kurihara, “Disaster-resilient Networking: a new vision based on movable and deployable resource units,” IEEE Network, Vol.27, No.4, pp. 40-46, 2013.
  5. [5] S. Kotabe, T. Sakano, and T. Komukai, “ICT Service for MDRUs,” NTT Technical Review, Vol.13, No.5, 2015.
  6. [6] S. Kotabe, T. Komukai, Y. Shimizu, and H. Tojo, “Realization of resilient ICT by mobile ICT unit,” IEICE Trans. Electrn., Vol.J100-C, No.3, pp. 141-148, 2017 (in Japanese).
  7. [7] M. Inoue and Y. Owada, “NerveNet Architecture and Its Pilot Test in Shirahama for Resilient Social Infrastructure,” IEICE Trans. Commun., Vol.E100-B, No.9, pp. 1526-1537, 2017.
  8. [8] M. Inoue, M. Ohnishi, C. Peng, R. Li, and Y. Owada, “NerveNet: A Regional Platform Network for Context-Aware Services with Sensors and Actuators,” IEICE Trans. Commun., Vol.E94-B, No.3, pp. 618-629, 2011.
  9. [9] Y. Owada, B. Jeong, H. Kumagai, Y. Takahashi, M. Inoue, G. Sato, K. Temma, and T. Kuri, “Resilient Mesh Network System Utilized in Areas Affected by the Kumamoto Earthquakes,” 5th Int. Conf. on Information and Communication Technologies for Disaster Management (ICT-DM 2018), S3.5, 2018.
  10. [10] “Google Maps,” [accessed August 21, 2018]
  11. [11] M. Benson, K. L. Koenig, and C. H. Schultz, “Disaster triage: START, then SAVE-a new method of dynamic triage for victims of a catastrophic earthquake,” Prehospital Disaster Med., Vol.11, No.2, pp. 117-124, 1996.
  12. [12] M. M. Bin Tariq, M. Ammar, and E. Zegura, “Message ferry route design for sparse ad hoc networks with mobile nodes,” Proc. of 7th ACM Int. Symp. on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking and Computing (MobiHoc’06), pp. 37-48, 2006.
  13. [13] “,” (in Japanese) [accessed August 21, 2018]
  14. [14] H. Nishiyama, M. Ito, and N. Kato, “Relay-by-Smartphone: Realizing Multihop Device-to-Device Communications,” IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol.52, No.4, pp. 56-65, 2014.
  15. [15] H. Nishiyama, T. Ngo, S. Oiyama, and N. Kato, “Relay by Smart Device: Innovative Communications for Efficient Information Sharing Among Vehicles and Pedestrians,” IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, Vol.10, No.4, pp. 54-62, 2015.
  16. [16] ITU-T Recommendations, “Disaster management for improving network resilience and recovery with movable and deployable information and communication technology (ICT) resource units,” ITU-T L.392, 2016.

*This site is desgined based on HTML5 and CSS3 for modern browsers, e.g. Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge, Opera.

Last updated on Jul. 19, 2024