Using Game Technique as a Strategy in Promoting Disaster Awareness in Caribbean Multicultural Societies: The Disaster Awareness Game
Virginia Clerveaux*, Balfour Spence**, and Toshitaka Katada*
*Department of Civil Engineering, Gunma University, 1-5-1 Tenjin-cho, Kiryu, Gunma 376-8515, Japan
**Lecturer, Department of Geography & Geology, The University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston 7, West Indies, Jamaica
The high vulnerability of Caribbean countries to multiple hazards is well documented. However, there is a paucity of knowledge related to variations in vulnerability within and among countries. As the Caribbean region moves towards cementing the arrangements for a Caribbean Single Market and Economy (CSME) that will allow greater multiculturalism among many countries of the region, internal disparities in vulnerability are likely to increase. Disaster managers of the region will be challenged with the development of strategies and techniques that will minimize disparities and allow equity in access to disaster information by all cultural groups. The Disaster Awareness Game (DAG) is a response to this challenge and was designed to evaluate levels of disaster awareness among different groups and countries of the Caribbean region as well as to promote awareness equitably to all cultural groups. Application of the DAG in the multicultural setting of the TCI suggests that this technique can be effective in promoting equitable access to disaster education.
-  Ariyabandu andM.Malagoda, “Bringing Together Disaster and Development —Concepts and Practice, Some Experience from South Asia,” Paper Presented at the 5th European Sociological Association Conference entitled Visions and Divisions: Challenges to European Sociology, held in Helsinki, August 28-September 1, 2001.
-  “CIFEG (1997) Natural Disasters in Central America and the Caribbean, Consequences and Risks, Diagnostic Study For The DIPECHO Action Plan, For Central America and The Caribbean —Centre International pour la Formation et les Exchanges Geologiques [CIFEG], ” Universite de Savoie, April, 1997.
-  V. Clerveaux, “Resource Utilization and Migration Issues in the Turks and Caicos Islands. Department of Geography & Geology,” University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica. 2005 (unpublished M. Phil. thesis).
-  FAO Report (2003), “Small Island Developing States Facing Growing Vulnerability,” FAO Newsroom, 2003. http://www.fao.org/
-  J. N. Martin, “Intercultural Communication Competence,” In R. L. Wiseman, & J. Koester (Eds.), Intercultural communication competence, pp. 16-29, Newbury Park: Sage. 1993.
-  L. Mitchell and D. McArdle, “Working with culturally and linguistically diverse communities,”
Available at: http://www.ausfire.com/afac conference/documents/mcardle.doc (Accessed October 16, 2003)
-  N. Neville, “CDB Disaster Management Programme: Lessons and Experience Speeches and Statements Presented at The Caribbean Disaster Preparedness Seminar,” Montego Bay, Jamaica, January 9-10, 2001.
-  B. Pandey and K. Okazaki, “Community Based Disaster Management: Empowering Communities to Cope with Risk,” United Nations Centre for Regional Development, Japan, 2005.
-  Project Liberty. “Providing culturally competent crisis counseling services,” Project Liberty, Albany (NY), New York State Office of Mental Health, 2002.
-  S. Rockwell and H, Kohn, “Post then Pre-test Evaluation.” Journal of Extension, Vol.27, No.2, 1989.
-  G. Solis, H. Hightower, and J. Kawaguchi, “Guidelines on cultural diversity and disaster,” 1995.
-  B. Spence, B. Fiasal, and C. Virginia, “Behaviour of Residents of Flood Prone Areas in Relation to Emergency Situation,” Report Submitted to: The Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency (CDERA), 2004.
-  L. F. Martin, “Cultural Differences in Risk Perception: An Examination of USA and Ghanaian Perception of Risk Communication,” MSc. Thesis. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Unpublished.
Retrieved from; scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-05282004-144004/unrestricted/LFMartin_Thesis.pdf? (Accessed April 10, 2007.)
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.