PHOTMOSPHERE: A System for Amplifying Connection Between Memory and Record
Kazuhiro Tanaka* and Mitsunori Matsushita**
*Graduate School of Informatics, Kansai University, 2-1-1 Ryozenji, Takatsukishi, Osaka 569-1095, Japan
**Faculty of Informatics, Kansai University, 2-1-1 Ryozenji, Takatsukishi, Osaka 569-1095, Japan
Photographs capture information on situations or circumstances that give some clue about users’ access to past activities. The photographs remind them of their personal experiences and of social events that took place at a certain time. Our research intends to use such information to help them recollect events and to acquire novel information by connecting memory and social records, for example, news reports. Toward this end, we propose a system called PHOTMOSPHERE that helps users recollect past events by connecting memory (photographs) and records (news). We conducted an experiment to observe the effect of showing news with photographs. Participants were shown either photographs alone that they had taken or both news reports and photographs they had taken. They were then asked to describe their recollections under both conditions. We found that, in many cases, news reports helped participants remember events, but not in some cases, for instance, when the subject of the photograph was a person or an object. On the basis of this result, we reformulate PHOTMOSPHERE design criteria.
-  E. Tulving and W. Donaldson, “Episodic and Semantic Memory,” Organization of memory, pp. 381-403, 1972.
-  R. Brown and J. Kulik, “Flashbulb Memories,” Cognition, Vol.5, Iss.1 pp. 73-99, 1977.
-  Technical Standardization Committee on AV & IT Storage Systems and Equipment, “Exchangeable Image File Format for Digital Still Cameras: Exif Version 2.2,” Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) CP-3451, 2002.
-  P. Isola, J. Xiao, A. Torralba, and A. Oliva, “What Makes an Image Memorable?,” IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, pp. 145-152, 2011.
-  K. Shiratori, T. Itoh, and S. Nakamura, “PLUM: A Photograph Browser with a Layout-Upon-Maps Algorithm,” IEEE Pacific Visualization 2011, Poster Session, 2011.
-  A. Gomi, and T. Itoh, “A Personal Photograph Browser for Life Log Analysis based on Location, Time, and Person,” ACM Symp. on Applied Computing, pp. 1245-1251, 2011.
-  M. Hearst, J. English, R. Sinha, K. Swearingen, and K. Yee, “Finding the Flow in Web Site Search,” Communications of the ACM, Vol.45, Iss.9, pp. 42-49, 2002.
-  C. Plaisant, B. Shneiderman, K. Doan, and T. Bruns, “Interface and Data Architecture for Query Preview in Networked Information Systems,” ACM Trans. on Information Systems, Vol.17, No.3, pp. 320-341, 1999.
-  K. Numa, T. Sugimoto, M. Miyata, K. Toriumi, J. Abe, Y. Tanaka, S. Niida, and K. Hori, “Using Common Devices as Collaborative Tools for Collecting and Connecting People’s Stories,” 6th Int. Conf. on Innovations in Information Technology, pp. 115-119, 2009.
-  Y. Sumi, J. Ito, and T. Nishida, “Photochat: communication support system based on sharing photos and notes,” Proceeding of CHI 2008 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 3237-3242, 2008.
-  S. He, Y. Kawai, Y. Kidawara, K. Zettsu, and K. Tanaka, “u-Cam: Ubiquitous Camera in Real World with User-Driven Control,” 7th Int. Conf. on Mobile Data Management, p. 45, 2006.
This article is published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.