IJAT Vol.17 No.5 pp. 434-448
doi: 10.20965/ijat.2023.p0434

Research Paper:

Effect of Vibration Behavior in Low-Frequency Vibration Cutting on Surface Properties of Workpiece

Hiroyuki Kodama ORCID Icon, Shota Matsuno, Naoyuki Shibata, and Kazuhito Ohashi ORCID Icon

Okayama University
3-1-1 Tsushima Naka, Okayama 700-8530, Japan

Corresponding author

January 31, 2023
May 24, 2023
September 5, 2023
low-frequency vibration cutting, vibration behavior, surface roughness, cross-sectional curve

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of vibration behavior on workpiece surface properties in low-frequency vibration cutting. The effects of the parameters that determine vibration behavior on surface roughness were quantitatively evaluated through a comparison with other cutting conditions. Furthermore, by clarifying how the surface properties of the workpiece, such as roughness, roundness, and cross-sectional curves, change depending on the vibration behavior, a search for optimal conditions for low-frequency vibration cutting was conducted. The best surface properties were obtained under the condition of spindle rotation per vibration E=4.5. By using a value close to the minimum possible spindle rotation R=0.5 when the workpiece is retracted, it is expected to be effective in suppressing the variation in surface roughness at each phase angle; this variation is characteristic of low-frequency vibration cutting. Workpieces machined under low-frequency vibration conditions such as (E=2.5, R=1.0) and (E=3.5, R=1.0) were found to form characteristic surface patterns on the workpiece surface owing to a phenomenon in which the depth of the cut to the workpiece changes.

Cite this article as:
H. Kodama, S. Matsuno, N. Shibata, and K. Ohashi, “Effect of Vibration Behavior in Low-Frequency Vibration Cutting on Surface Properties of Workpiece,” Int. J. Automation Technol., Vol.17 No.5, pp. 434-448, 2023.
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